Innovating Future Fuels


Shipping, aviation, construction, and heavy manufacturing will require new low-carbon fuels that are just now being developed. We must ensure their climate performance lives up to their promise.

& Aviation

Sustainable Alternative Fuels

If international shipping were a country, it would be among the world’s top carbon-emitting nations. And as the global economy grows, maritime emissions are projected to increase up to 50% by 2050.

Environmental Defense Fund is helping shippers, ports, and policymakers set bold emissions targets and create innovative solutions for long-term change. At the same time, we’re working to stimulate investment in clean alternative fuels for the shipping and aviation sectors.

Decarbonizing Industry

Science-backed Solutions For Energy-Intensive Industries

Industries like concrete, steel, and heavy manufacturing which require large, concentrated heat sources are among the hardest to decarbonize. They may be strong candidates for alternative fuels like hydrogen, provided they are produced, transported, and used responsibly. That means avoiding leaks that can sharply undermine their climate advantage over fossil fuels.